When we are still young and dreaming about our dream house, we probably didn’t really think about particulars like what type of brick will be used, whether to use wood panels for walls or have solid, concrete walls instead. Most of us probably didn’t think about the roof too, aside from its color and shape.
House builders and homeowners know that the roof is a very important part of the house that must be given a lot of careful thought. It is the main protection of the structure against the heat of the sun, the rain, and other debris that get blown through the air.
Aside from durability, waterproofing qualities and sturdiness, roofing materials also need to be suitable to the climate of the house’s location. The following are examples of different kinds of roofing materials and the climate for which they are most suitable:
For Warm Climate
What houses in warm climates need are roofs that can reflect heat away from the house and back into the atmosphere. You don’t want to make the house any warmer inside. Some materials are also heat absorbent, but as long as the heat doesn’t penetrate through to the house, they can be used for cool roofs. Here are some roofing materials for warm climates:
- Tiles – Concrete, slate, or clay tiles are inherently reflective.
- Asphalt shingles – These are cheaper, plus they are made in different colours. This is what houses with random exterior paint frequently use because it is easy to find shingles that match the colour of the house.
- Composite shingles – These are more resistant to colour fading compared to asphalt shingles.
- Metal – When used for the right roof design, metal can actually be used for a cool roof.
For Cold Climate
Places with cooler climates experience winter and rains. This is why it is necessary that the roofing materials be very sturdy and strong, enough to withstand extreme temperatures and the heavy weight of snow. The beating of strong rains can also take a toll on them. It’s also preferable that roofing materials for cold weather can absorb heat and, along with wall insulation, keep it contained inside the house.
Here are some examples:
- Asphalt shingles – These are also appropriate for cold climate because they are very sturdy. They also help insulate the building.
- Composite shingles – composite material are highly water resistant, so it is very ideal for cold climates with frequent snow and rains.
- Cedar wood shingles – Processed shingles can withstand snow and cold climate.
- Synthetic slate – This roofing material is not as heavy as genuine slate, but it is nevertheless very strong. Just be careful to select synthetic slates that are not water absorbent, otherwise ice dams might form. This is very dangerous since the roof could cave in because of the heavy weight.
The shape of the roof and how it is designed in respect to the rest of the house is also an important factor when choosing roofing materials. The presence of an attic, roofing insulation, heaters, and so forth should be considered. Consult with an expert on this matter to be sure.